The Humanities Research Center supports competitively-selected research projects in the Spatial Humanities, with preference given to proposals that promise to spark collaborations, cultivate new scholarly paradigms, or forge lasting curricular innovation. The initiative’s GIS specialist/developer is available to assist with the development of awarded faculty research projects.
The Circulation Networks for Chinese Buddhist Woodcuts and Printed Books, 850-1450
Principal Investigator: Shihshan (Susan) Huang
Evolving computational methods and digital technologies are enabling humanities scholars to analyze, present, and interpret cultural artifacts in new ways. In particular, GIS mapping, as used in Harvard’s CHGIS, is an extremely effective tool for visualizing raw data in the form of layered, interactive maps. Inspired by this, my project entails creating GIS maps to tell the story of Chinese Buddhist woodcuts in the context of cultural change. The maps will show contacts, exchanges, and document the interconnectivity among printing centers; map the circulation of Buddhist woodcuts; map the geographical movements of donors and print makers; show the locations of Buddhist temples tied to the collections of Buddhist woodcuts and books and explore their relationships; show all this in relation to established trade routes. In sum, this will reveal the interlocking and overlapping networks that linked Buddhism, printed books, material culture, and trade. It will help to introduce Chinese Buddhism and visual culture to a broader audience, and stimulate more global and interdisciplinary inquiries. Huang intends to make it accessible to the public. It will serve as a compliment to her forthcoming book on Buddhist woodcuts, which will be submitted to a university press for publication upon the manuscript’s completion.
Between Oceans and Continents - The Registers of Slave and Freed Africans of Portuguese Mozambique, 1854-1875
Principal Investigator: Daniel da Silva
From the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, millions of Africans were forced into the slave trade to places as far apart as Cuba and Indonesia. Studies about the African diaspora frequently focus on what happened to these individuals after they reached their destinations, but little research has been conducted on their origins. Between Oceans and Continents seeks to trace the inland origins of thousands of Africans enslaved in Mozambique during the last century of the trade The project will create a database from registers of slave and freed Africans made by Portuguese colonial officials between 1854 and 1875 compiled in archives in Portugal and Mozambique. These registers contain detailed geographic information on the origins of the individuals listed as well as their place of registration, to which GIS information will be appended. The project will also enhance and relaunch a website to host the database and make it available to the public with a number of visualization tools, including tables, graphs, and an interactive map. It has the potential of uncovering the origins of thousands of enslaved men, women, and children in southeast Africa and creating a platform for people everywhere to learn and interact with this set of unique archival sources.
Principal Investigators: Piergianna Mazzoca & David Costanza
This study revisits late 17th and early 18th-century notions of beauty and their relationship to building technologies in the work of two architects whose work has characterized the Piedmont Baroque period, Guarino Guarini and Bernardo Vittone. Their work, placed at the intersection between the treatise and the building, shows how technological factors were not merely tools for design and geometrical experimentation but also an important part of their aesthetic imagination. Therefore, this project seeks to deconstruct the cultural and technological factors which impacted their designs and their intellectual production. To achieve this, Mazzoca & Costanza will analyze, document, and represent four of Guarini’s and Vittone’s most salient built projects through the lens of their historical and technological context. Such a survey will be conducted using methods of historical analysis and architectural reconstruction through the use of in situ-photogrammetry scans of the structures or portions of the structures, and digital recreation/reproduction of a portion of the structures. Besides the conventional archival research that supports historical surveys, the use of these technologies further expands the reading and understanding of the work of both architects specifically, and the geometrical intricacy of the Baroque period as a matter of aesthetic concern more generally.
Disability and the City: Mapping Emergent Embodiment in Berlin
Principal Investigator: Zoë H. Wool
An interdisciplinary collaboration with Humbolt University, this workshop explores this central question: How do bodies, environments, and technology come together in urban settings in order to produce locally and historically particular experiences of disability and the city? We seek to trace connections and translations between urban planning and technology design, local biopolitical histories, and everyday use-practices to understand how cities and technologies dis- or en-abled people as citizens, aliens, consumers, strangers, friends, and urbanites, as well as how forms of in/accessibility emerge from people’s practices of movement through the city. Our innovative methodology combines digital recording and mapping, along with reflective practices of moving through the city itself. With collaborators from Berlinklusion, a Berlin-based collective working to produce traffic between local arts and disability scenes, we will take a walking tour around Berlin, digitally documenting places, spaces, and moments that speak to our guiding question. Then we will collectively reflect and comment on our photographs, recordings, and experiences, as well as archival and historical materials the workshop participants will have collected in advance, creating critical, conceptual annotations and commentaries to go along with visual and aural digital materials. Finally, we will embed these materials within an online map of Berlin. The map will be housed within a new collaboratory website and will be open to future contributions from collaborators and students, as well as the broader public who wish to contribute their annotated photographs of Berlin. The map is envisioned as the first project of a broader interdisciplinary and trans-institutional disability and technology collaboratory.
3D Visualization and Automated Spatial Analysis in the Roman Forum
Principal Investigator: John Hopkins
The Horrea Agrippiana stands in ruin at a node connecting three quintessential districts of Rome: the Roman Forum, the Palatine Hill and the Velabrum (commercial district in Rome), all UNESCO World Heritage sites (Fig. 1). In 2017, a team of archaeologists, led by Prof. Hopkins, opened test trenches at the site, at the request of the archaeological superintendence of Rome. The trenches uncovered over 1700 years-worth of stratigraphy, from ca. 500 BCE (the start of the Roman Republic) to 1200 CE and the height of Catholic rule in Rome.
The Horrea Agrippiana is a massive, 2,500 m2 complex constructed during the reign of Augustus (ca. 27 BCE-14 CE); it served as a storage and exchange site through the sixth century CE. It is the best preserved, major ancient commercial structure anywhere in the city of Rome. Situated at the liminal space at the urban juncture of three diverse and quintessential parts of the Roman civic, domestic and commercial urban landscape, the site holds the keys to many questions about the history of Rome as city and civilization. The site and its surroundings cover a total of 4,000 m2, and a complex study of the diachronic spatial reconfiguration over the course of nearly two millennia is the focus of our project. The site and project consequently offer an exceptional opportunity to apply new spatial analysis and visualization tools to reconstitute historical sites and the archaeological remnants associated with them. We are working with Archimedes Digital to begin developing software and data analysis tools to advance the ability to make rapid 3D models that are georeferenced and allow for both public visual comprehension of the site through the ages and complex scholarly interrogation of the site through VR, on-site AR and integrated database analysis with our digital database.
Comprehending Ludwig Hilberseimer
Principal Investigator: Scott Colman
Ludwig Hilberseimer was a prominent German-American architect and planner central to debates among avant-garde artists and architects in the Weimar Republic, an important Bauhaus pedagogue, and a long-time collaborator of leading modernist architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Relative to the work of his peers, Hilberseimer’s extended engagement with planning, between 1923 and 1967, has received only scant and partial attention.
In association with a proposed research project to produce digital models of two of Hilberseimer’s pivotal urban proposals, Hilberseimer’s drawings was inspected in the collection of The Art Institute of Chicago. While some of these drawings have been published and can be used as a basis for modelling, a number of these drawings are poorly reproduced, often at a small scale. The closer inspection and more accurate reproduction of the originals assisted in the accuracy of the proposed models. In addition, the inspection of these and additional, unpublished, drawings assisted in the contextualization of the proposed models, contributing to greater comprehension of these projects.
Extending ImagineRio: Next steps
Principal Investigator: Alida Metcalf
ImagineRio, a geographic and time-sensitive digital platform that presents the spatial history of Rio de Janeiro, is now at a point where scholars can customize it to answer their own research questions. The support from the HRC's Spatial Humanities Research Project Development fund made it possible to bring scholars to Rice to work with imagineRio. Few scholars in Brazil have support from GIS specialists in their home institutions, and for that matter, few American historians of Brazil do either. ImagineRio offers scholars a unique platform to explore the spatial history of Rio de Janeiro, and by bringing scholars to Rice, they can not only customize imagineRio for their own research, and they can contribute to its future development. At Rice, scholars worked with ArcGIS, our image databases in Shared Shelf Commons and Artstor, and our online bibliography hosted in Zotero. Scholars brought data that they wish to analyze, and they had the opportunity to work with GIS support staff in the Fondren Library. They collaborated with the members of the ImagineRio team, and they consulted on the development on online publishing platforms. When they returned to their home institutions, they continued to collaborate, especially as we develop new ways to publishing scholarly articles and essays in digital forms.